As in other Westminster systems, there is no constitutional requirement in NSW for the Government to be formed from the Parliament—merely convention. Under the Australian Constitution, New South Wales ceded certain legislative and judicial powers to the Commonwealth, but retained independence in all other areas.
The New South Wales Constitution says: Elections are held every four years on the fourth Saturday of March, the most recent being on 28 March At each election one member is elected to the Legislative Assembly from each of 93 electoral districts and half of the 42 members of the Legislative Council are elected by a statewide electorate. New South Wales is divided into local government areas.
The state has two fire services: There is some overlap due to suburbanisation. The estimated population of New South Wales at the end of March was 7,, people, representing approximately As of the census , the principal ancestries of New South Wales's residents are: In June Sydney was home to almost two-thirds Passage through New South Wales is vital for cross-continent transport. The majority of railways in New South Wales are currently operated by the state government. Some lines began as branch-lines of railways starting in other states. For instance, Balranald near the Victorian border was connected by a rail line coming up from Victoria and into New South Wales.
Another line beginning in Adelaide crossed over the border and stopped at Broken Hill. Major roads are the concern of both federal and state governments. Kingsford Smith Airport commonly Sydney Airport, and locally referred to as Mascot Airport or just 'Mascot' , located in the southern Sydney suburb of Mascot is the major airport for not just the state but the whole nation.
It is a hub for Australia's national airline Qantas. Other airlines serving regional New South Wales include: Spirit of Tasmania ran a commercial ferry service between Sydney and Devonport, Tasmania. This service was terminated in Private boat services operated between South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales along the Murray and Darling Rivers but these only exist now as the occasional tourist paddle-wheeler service.
The NSW school system comprises a kindergarten to year 12 system with primary schooling up to year 6 and secondary schooling between years 7 and Schooling is compulsory from before 6 years old until the age of 17 unless Year 10 is completed earlier. Primary and secondary schools include government and non-government schools. Government schools are further classified as comprehensive and selective schools. Non-government schools include Catholic schools, other denominational schools, and non-denominational independent schools.
Typically, a primary school provides education from kindergarten level to year 6. A secondary school, usually called a "high school", provides education from years 7 to Secondary colleges are secondary schools which only cater for years 11 and The NSW Education Standards Authority classifies the 13 years of primary and secondary schooling into six stages, beginning with Early Stage 1 Kindergarten and ending with Stage 6 years 11 and Eleven universities primarily operate in New South Wales.
Sydney is home to Australia's first university, the University of Sydney founded in The Australian Catholic University has two of its six campuses in Sydney, and the private University of Notre Dame Australia also operates a secondary campus in the city. Outside Sydney, the leading universities are the University of Newcastle and the University of Wollongong. Armidale is home to the University of New England , and Charles Sturt University and Southern Cross University have campuses spread across cities in the state's south-west and north coast respectively.
The public universities are state government agencies, however they are largely regulated by the federal government, which also administers their public funding. Admission to NSW universities is arranged together with universities in the Australian Capital Territory by another government agency, the Universities Admission Centre.
Primarily vocational training is provided up the level of advanced diplomas is provided by the state government's ten Technical and Further Education TAFE institutes. These institutes run courses in more than campuses throughout the state. The state can be divided geographically into four areas. New South Wales' three largest cities, Sydney, Newcastle and Wollongong, lie near the centre of a narrow coastal strip extending from cool temperate areas on the far south coast to subtropical areas near the Queensland border.
The Illawarra region is centred on the city of Wollongong, with the Shoalhaven , Eurobodalla and the Sapphire Coast to the south. Tourism is important to the economies of coastal towns such as Coffs Harbour , Lismore , Nowra and Port Macquarie , but the region also produces seafood, beef, dairy, fruit, sugar cane and timber. Skiing in Australia began in this region at Kiandra around The relatively short ski season underwrites the tourist industry in the Snowy Mountains. Agriculture, particularly the wool industry, is important throughout the highlands.
One of the widespread fungi is Witch's Butter Tremella mesenterica. The western slopes and plains fill a significant portion of the state's area and have a much sparser population than areas nearer the coast. Agriculture is central to the economy of the western slopes, particularly the Riverina region and Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area in the state's south-west. Regional cities such as Albury , Dubbo , Griffith and Wagga Wagga and towns such as Deniliquin , Leeton and Parkes exist primarily to service these agricultural regions. The western slopes descend slowly to the western plains that comprise almost two-thirds of the state and are largely arid or semi-arid.
The mining town of Broken Hill is the largest centre in this area. Rainfall averages from to millimetres 5. Summer temperatures can be very hot, while winter nights can be quite cold in this region. Rainfall varies throughout the state. The climate along the flat, coastal plain east of the range varies from oceanic in the south to humid subtropical in the northern half of the state, right above Wollongong.
New South Wales - Wikipedia
Along the southern coast, rainfall is heaviest in winter due to cold fronts which move across southern Australia. While in the far north, around Lismore , rain is heaviest in summer from tropical systems and occasionally even cyclones. The climate in the southern half of the state is generally warm to hot in summer and cool in the winter. The seasons are more defined in the southern half of the state, especially as one moves inland towards South West Slopes , Central West and the Riverina region.
The climate in the northeast region of the state, or the North Coast , bordering Queensland , is hot and humid in the summer and mild in winter. The Northern Tablelands , which are also on the north coast, have relatively mild summers and cold winters, due to their high elevation on the Great Dividing Range.
Temperatures can be cool to cold in winter with frequent frosts and snowfall , and are rarely hot in summer due to the elevation. Lithgow has a climate typical of the range, as do the regional cities of Orange , Cooma , Oberon and Armidale. Such places fall within the subtropical highland Cwb variety.
Snowfall is common in the higher parts of the range, sometimes occurring as far north as the Queensland border. On the highest peaks of the Snowy Mountains , the climate can be subpolar oceanic and even alpine on the higher peaks with very cold temperatures and heavy snow.
New South Wales
The Blue Mountains , Southern Tablelands and Central Tablelands , which are situated on the Great Dividing Range, have mild to warm summers and cold winters, although not as severe as those in the Snowy Mountains. The highest maximum temperature recorded was This is also the lowest temperature recorded in the whole of Australia excluding the Antarctic Territory. Since the s, New South Wales has undergone an increasingly rapid economic and social transformation.
New industries such as information technology and financial services are largely centred in Sydney and have risen to take their place, with many companies having their Australian headquarters in Sydney CBD. Coal and related products are the state's biggest export. Tourism has also become important, with Sydney as its centre, also stimulating growth on the North Coast, around Coffs Harbour and Byron Bay.
The output of these is anticipated to be able to power up to , homes. Agriculture is spread throughout the eastern two-thirds of New South Wales. Cattle, sheep and pigs are the predominant types of livestock produced in NSW and they have been present since their importation during the earliest days of European settlement. Economically the state is the most important state in Australia, with about one-third of the country's sheep, one-fifth of its cattle, and one-third of its small number of pigs.
Wools are produced on the Northern Tablelands as well as prime lambs and beef cattle. On the central slopes there are many orchards, with the principal fruits grown being apples, cherries and pears. About 40, hectares of vineyards lie across the eastern region of the state, with excellent wines produced in the Hunter Valley , with the Riverina being the largest wine producer in New South Wales. About half of Australia's timber production is in New South Wales.
Large areas of the state are now being replanted with eucalyptus forests. Winters are generally mild with drier conditions than summer on average. Cold fronts affect the area and sometimes bring strong westerly winds behind them. The coldest temperature ever recorded was 1. The east coast low in May , the June Hunter Region and Central Coast storms and April are extreme examples of this type of weather. Newcastle is often quoted as being the seventh largest city in Australia. This is misleading as the area represented extends well beyond both the City of Newcastle and the Newcastle metropolitan area.
The area, officially the Newcastle Statistical District, is referred to as Greater Newcastle or the Lower Hunter Region, which includes most parts of the Newcastle, Lake Macquarie, Cessnock, Maitland and Port Stephens local government areas and, as of 30 June , has an estimated population of , The demonym for the people of Newcastle is "Novocastrian", derived from Latin novus new and castra castle or fort. The oldest state school in the area is Newcastle East Public School , a primary school established in Newcastle East Public School is the oldest continuously operating school in Australia, and celebrated its bicentenary in There are three selective state schools in the area.
Hunter School of the Performing Arts is a fully selective K school and only takes students by audition. Merewether High School is a fully selective high school in the suburb of Broadmeadow.
Hunter Sports High School is a partially selective sporting high school. The school accepts around half its students from the local area and around half by audition. The city's main provider of tertiary education is the University of Newcastle. It was established in as a satellite campus of the University of New South Wales and obtained autonomy in The University now offers over undergraduate and graduate courses to a student population of more than 38,, including 7, international students from more than countries. The Tighes Hill campus is the network's largest campus and offers courses in business, hospitality and various trades.
There are a mixture of typical regional show elements such as woodchopping displays, showbags, rides and stalls and usually fireworks to complement the events in the main arena. The Mattara festival , founded in , is the official festival of Newcastle with a more traditional 'country fair' type program that combines a parade, rides, sporting events, band competitions and portrait and landscape painting exhibitions. The Newcastle Jazz Festival is held across three days in August, and attracts performers and audiences from all over Australia.
This is the film festival where film-makers come together in one place to make a short film in 24 hours. It is run annually in July. This Is Not Art is a national festival of new media and arts held in Newcastle each year over the October long weekend. Since its humble beginnings in , it has become one of the leading arts festivals in Australia dedicated to the work and ideas of communities not included in other major Australian arts festivals. The Newcastle Entertainment Centre, located inside the Newcastle Showground is a popular venue for regular events including wrestling, concerts and monster truck shows.
Newcastle has an active youth music culture, as well as a Conservatorium of Music which is part of the University of Newcastle. It continues to support local bands and has a large underground music scene. The members of Silverchair , the highly successful Australian band, hail from Newcastle, as does the Australian band The Screaming Jets. Notable modernist artists associated with Newcastle are seascape sketcher Shay Docking — , the cubist influenced abstract painter William Rose — , landscape painter John Olsen , who was born in Newcastle in , still- life painter Margaret Olley , portraitist William Dobell and figurative painter John Montefiore lived at Lake Macquarie to the south of the city.
Art collector William Bowmore resided in Newcastle and collected Brett Whiteley paintings as well as owning a large collection of international art and artefacts. The Von Bertouch Galleries was a commercial gallery founded by Anne Von Bertouch and exhibited nationally and locally well known artists. The Newcastle Art Gallery is home to one of Australia's most substantial public art collections outside a major capital city, and its extensive collection of works by contemporary and historical Australian visual artists presents an overview of Australian art.
Due to an ongoing space issue, the gallery is planning a major redevelopment. Newcastle has a variety of smaller theatres, but the main theatre in the CBD is now the Civic , at Wheeler Place, seating capacity about , one of Australia's great historic theatres built during in Art Deco style. It hosts a wide range of musicals, plays, concerts, dance and other events each year. Newcastle previously boasted several large theatres, among them the oldest purpose-built theatre in Australia, the Victoria Theatre on Perkins Street built , capacity , saw touring international opera companies such as the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company , and other troupes, and played host to some of the greatest stars of the age, such as Dame Nellie Melba , Gladys Moncrieff , and Richard Tauber , it is now closed and derelict ; the Century , Nineways, Broadmeadow , built , capacity although largely used as a cinema was a popular Symphony orchestra venue demolished after being severely damaged by the earthquake ; the Hunter capacity at The Junction, had advanced modern stage facilities, but was eventually sold and demolished to make way for a motel that was destroyed by the earthquake.
The decline in theatres and cinemas from the s onwards was blamed on television. The cast of the Tap Dogs show also come from Newcastle. The Newcastle Museum was founded in in the former headquarters of the Great Northern Railway and stewards local history, culture, industry, and science. It features permanent exhibitions relating to coal mining and steel production, aboriginal history and the area's history, as well as a hands-on science center.
Newcastle, New South Wales
Both teams folded due to financial difficulties. The Newcastle Hunters currently [ when? A bid for Newcastle to establish a team in the national Twenty20 competition the Big Bash League , with games played at either Hunter Stadium or No. Several different football codes are popular sports in Newcastle, with at least one having been played since the mids.
Newcastle sports teams playing in national competitions include the Newcastle Knights , a team that plays in Australia's premier rugby league competition, the National Rugby League. After an upgrade, the stadium now has capacity for almost 27, spectators. The Newcastle Rugby League holds local club competition and has done so since the early s. Touring domestic and international teams would play against Newcastle's representative team which was made up of players from this League.
Rugby union is a football code that has been played in Newcastle since at least , with the Newcastle Football Club formed in The Newcastle Jets won the A-League competition in their third season, defeating local rivals the Central Coast Mariners in the grand final. It is the venue for three Group 3 races. In work completed in adding an inner track, known as the Beaumont Track. Newcastle hosted the final round of the Supercars Championship in The Newcastle will be held on the Newcastle Street Circuit in the East End of the city annually until at least Officially opened in June , the Entertainment Centre offers 5, square metres of clear span floor space and is capable of catering for capacities from 2, to 6, for entertainment style events.
The Centre was built to house the now defunct Newcastle Falcons National Basketball League team and was also home to the Hunter Pirates before a lack of sponsorship forced them to relocate to Singapore after the —06 season, where they were renamed the Singapore Slingers. The Slingers played one home game at the Centre during the —07 season. Newcastle has an abundance of beaches and surf breaks for which the city is internationally well known. Newcastle hosts the annual surfing contest ' Surfest ' on the world professional surfing tour.
Four time world champion surfer Mark Richards grew up surfing at Newcastle's Merewether Beach, and is a local icon, appearing at many local functions, and supporting local charities. Nobbys Beach is a very popular kitesurfing spot, especially during the warm summer months when there are northeasterly sea breezes. Other alternative media in the city include the university's student publications Opus and Yak Magazine,  Newcastle Mirage a local arts and culture zine  and Urchin a zine published by the media and arts organisation Octapod.
The city is also served by several local radio stations, including those owned by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and SBS. Newcastle is also served by five television networks, three commercial and two national services:. Seven News' Sydney-based bulletin at 6 is not relayed on this station, but stories from the local bulletin are shown on instead. Subscription television service Foxtel is also available via satellite. Like most major cities, the Newcastle metropolitan area has an extensive system of both road links and road based public transport services bus, taxi etc.
Rail transport, however, is accessible to only a relatively small percentage of the population along the major rail transport routes and ferry services are restricted to those commuting between Newcastle and Stockton. Within the metropolitan area the car remains the dominant form of transportation. Newcastle, like all major Australian urban centres, had a tram system , but it was closed in In it was announced that trams would return to the city as a modern light rail system. Bus services within Newcastle are operated by Newcastle Transport. The network radiates from a bus terminal near Newcastle railway station , on the waterfront of Newcastle's CBD.
Shortly after the train line closure after Hamilton station, for trains heading towards Newcastle railway station Newcastle Transport buses Route  replaced trains from Hamilton station going to Civic station and Newcastle railway station, where the bus then terminates and returns to Hamilton station. The Newcastle area is serviced by two NSW TrainLink intercity lines providing local and regional commuter services terminating at Newcastle Interchange along the Newcastle line. Two long distance lines operate through the Newcastle area using Broadmeadow station.
These provide services to Moree , Armidale , Brisbane and Sydney. Newcastle once had rail passenger services to Belmont and Toronto , on Lake Macquarie , Wallsend , Kurri Kurri and several towns and villages between Maitland and Cessnock on the South Maitland Railway , but these lines have been closed. In the lates there was intense debate about the future of the rail line into central Newcastle.
The New South Wales government had planned to cut the line at Broadmeadow station , ending rail services into Newcastle station in the city centre to allow better connections between the city and the waterfront precinct. This proposal was dropped in The proposal to close the line was reactivated and in December , the Newcastle line was curtailed to Hamilton. From until , Broadmeadow Locomotive Depot was the main railway centre for the Hunter region.
Cardiff Locomotive Workshops opened in , primarily as a major repair centre for New South Wales Government Railways locomotives, although it did build twelve 38 class and two 58 class locomotives. Today it is operated by Downer Rail and along with UGL Rail 's Broadmeadow plant, remains active as a locomotive and rolling stock manufacturer and repairer. The Port of Newcastle is crucial to the economic life of Newcastle and the Hunter Valley region beyond.
Over 90 million tonnes of coal is shipped through the facility each year — making it the largest coal exporting port in the world. Coal was first exported from the harbour in The proposed Newcastle Cruise Terminal is scheduled to open before The airport, which is a joint venture between Newcastle City Council and Port Stephens Council , has experienced rapid growth since as a result of an increase in low-cost airline operations.
Two helicopters operate out of this base and operate 24 hours a day. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ladies , Cyncoed Ladies and Cardiff City. Cardiff Arms Park Welsh: Parc yr Arfau Caerdydd , in central Cardiff, is among the world's most famous venues—being the scene of three Welsh Grand Slams in the s , and and six Five Nations titles in nine years—and was the venue for Wales' games in the Rugby World Cup.
Cardiff Athletic Club and the Welsh Rugby Union established two stadia on the site—Cardiff RFC played at their stadium at the northern end of the site, and the Wales national rugby union team played international matches at the National Stadium, Cardiff Arms Park, which opened in Stadiwm y Mileniwm in —in time for the Rugby World Cup —and is home stadium to the Wales national rugby and football teams for international matches.
Cardiff Cricket Club were formed in , and Glamorgan County Cricket Club have competed as a first class county since Cardiff has a long association with boxing, from 'Peerless' Jim Driscoll —born in Cardiff in —to more recent, high-profile fights staged in the city. Frank Bruno heavyweight championship fight at the Arms Park in , and many of Joe Calzaghe 's fights, between and They play in the 12 team professional Elite Ice Hockey League. Founded in , and one of the most successful British teams during the nineties.
Cardiff's only American flag football team are the Hurricanes.
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They won the British Championship in after falling short by 2 points in a quarter final to eventual winners, the London Rebels the previous year. They are based out of Roath Recreational Ground. The Commonwealth Games were hosted by Cardiff. The Games involved 1, athletes from 35 national teams competing in 94 events. When complete, the ISV complex will provide Olympic standard facilities for sports including boxing and fencing , gymnastics, judo , white water events including canoeing and kayaking and wrestling as well as a snow dome with real snow for skiing and snowboarding , an arena for public ice skating and ice hockey and an hotel.
The first ever indoor special stages of the World Rally Championship were held at the Principality Stadium in September and have been an annual event sincve then. During the s, London based football club Wimbledon F. However, the relocation of the club to Cardiff never happened, and in the club moved to Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire, being rebranded as Milton Keynes Dons a year later.
Rise of the Silver Surfer , and Iwan Rheon. He was a British Christian monk, bishop, and founder of monasteries and churches. Reputed to be a cousin, friend, and disciple of Saint David, he was bishop of Llandaff and founder of the first church at Llandaff Cathedral, where his tomb is.
His Saint's Day is ninth of February. Cardiff is also well known for its musicians, such as Ivor Novello , after whom the Ivor Novello Awards are named. Shakin' Stevens was one of the top selling male artists in the UK during the s. Tigertailz , a popular glam metal act in the 80s, also hailed from Cardiff. A number of Cardiff-based bands, such as Catatonia and Super Furry Animals were popular during the s. Cardiff has twinning arrangements with: A total of 28 countries have a diplomatic presence in Cardiff. The British Embassy of the United States operates a satellite office.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Cardiff disambiguation. Clockwise from top left: City and County of Cardiff and inset within Wales. History of Cardiff and Timeline of Cardiff history. Cardiff Council and National Assembly for Wales. List of places in Cardiff. Cardiff and Vale University Health Board. Christianity in Wales and Religion in Wales.
Llandaff Cathedral , an Anglican cathedral, the parish church of Llandaff, the seat of the Bishop of Llandaff , the head of the Church in Wales. It is also the largest in Wales. Economy and industry of Cardiff. List of tallest buildings in Cardiff. Rail transport in Cardiff.
Cardiff Airport and Cardiff Heliport. Bus transport in Cardiff. List of Wales dialling codes. List of schools in Cardiff. Architecture of Cardiff and Listed buildings in Cardiff. Culture and recreation in Cardiff , List of cultural venues in Cardiff , and List of public art in Cardiff. List of people from Cardiff.
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